What Metals Are Used in Metal Spinning?

Share this article:

What Metals Are Used in Metal Spinning?

Metal spinning is a versatile forming process utilized for creating axially symmetric components across various industries. It involves rotating a pre-sized metal disk at high speeds while applying force to shape it using specialized spinning tools. When considering your metal spinning project, it’s crucial to understand the range of metals available.

We’ve previously walked through our 7 Design Tips for Your Metal Spinning Project and today we are taking a more in-depth look at what materials are common and not so common. At Excell, we offer a diverse selection of common and uncommon materials, each with its unique properties, uses, and industries they serve. Let’s explore them:

Table of Contents

Commonly Spun Metals


  • Appearance: Silvery-white metal.
  • Uses and Properties: Lightweight with excellent strength-to-weight ratio, high ductility and malleability, low density, and natural corrosion resistance. Ideal for aerospace, automotive, construction, energy, medical, engineering, and catering industries.

4 Types of Steel

  • Appearance: Dull, matte grey metal.
  • Uses and Properties: Carbon steel, alloy steel, stainless steel, and tool steel are commonly used.
  • Carbon Steel: Varying carbon content affects properties. It is durable, hard, and can be strengthened with carbon addition.


Carbon Steel Properties


  • Alloy Steel: Enhanced strength, ductility, corrosion resistance, and machinability by adding alloying elements.
  • Stainless Steel: High corrosion resistance, durability, and easy fabrication.
  • Tool Steel: Ideal for cutting and drilling equipment due to heat resistance and durability.
  • Industries: Automotive, construction, defense, marine, medical, energy, agriculture, oil and gas.

Mild Steel

  • Appearance: Greyish white surface.
  • Uses and Properties: Low-carbon steel, more ductile, machinable, and weldable than high-carbon steel. Can be further strengthened with carbon addition. Not corrosion-resistant but can be painted or galvanized.
  • Industries: Construction, automobile, manufacturing, furniture.

Galvanised Steel

  • Appearance: Uniform matte grey appearance.
  • Uses and Properties: Steel coated with zinc, providing corrosion resistance and a harder surface. High-carbon steel with low ductility and malleability. Resistant to cracking and abrasion.
  • Industries: HVAC, automotive, oil and gas, agriculture, road construction.

304 Stainless Steel

  • Appearance: Lustrous bright appearance.
  • Uses and Properties: Versatile and widely used stainless steel. Resistant to oxidation, corrosion, and durable. Easy to fabricate, clean, and weld. Suitable for healthcare, culinary, electrical, and architectural industries.

316 Stainless Steel

  • Appearance: Lustrous bright appearance (similar to 304).
  • Uses and Properties: Contains molybdenum for increased corrosion resistance. Durable, easy to fabricate, clean, and weld. Suitable for pharmaceutical, marine, construction, and chemical equipment industries.


304 Vs 316 Stainless Steel

Uncommonly Spun Metals


  • Appearance: Reddish-gold metal.
  • Uses and Properties: Highly corrosion-resistant, antimicrobial, malleable, ductile, and excellent heat and electrical conductor. Widely used in marine, energy, plumbing, manufacturing, automotive, and roofing industries.


  • Appearance: Bright gold appearance (varies).
  • Uses and Properties: Alloy of copper and zinc, offering high strength, machinability, ductility, corrosion resistance, and antimicrobial properties. Ideal for lighting, decorative, music, and automotive industries.


  • Appearance: Lustrous grey-whitish metal.
  • Uses and Properties: High strength-to-density ratio, lightweight, excellent corrosion resistance, and resistance to extreme temperatures. Suitable for aerospace, defense, energy, marine, medical, and manufacturing industries.

Inconel 625

  • Appearance: Silver metal resembling stainless steel with aluminum’s weight.
  • Uses and Properties: High tensile strength, corrosion-fatigue resistance, and excellent weldability. Commonly used in marine, engineering, oil and gas extraction, automobile, aerospace, nuclear, industrial, and chemical processing industries.


  • Appearance: Grey with a metallic lustre.
  • Uses and Properties: Nickel-copper alloy highly resistant to corrosion and acids. Malleable, easy to weld, braze, and solder. Used in chemical, marine, aerospace, chemical processing, and engineering industries.


  • Appearance: Grey with a metallic lustre (similar to Monel).
  • Uses and Properties: Nickel alloy with exceptional corrosion resistance, high-temperature resistance, and low silicon content for welding. Suitable for oil and gas, chemical processing, waste treatment, marine, and mining industries.


At first glance these materials may look similar, but as you can see each offers its own characteristics and performance enhancements. It is important that your projects application and needs are assessed before choosing a material to ensure the best outcome, this can be done by collaborating with your metal spinners.


At Excell, our team is ready to help you choose the right materials and tooling for your project for your production parts. We will be able to make recommendations to maximize both quality and your cost savings.

Materials in Metal Spinning Comparison

Your Next Project

As a leading expert in the field of Metal Spinning, and the leading organization in the UK Metal Spinning Industry, Excell’s services have been widely sought after worldwide. With the vast skills and knowledge required, we can ensure quality products are delivered on time and to your requirements!


To get started on your next project with us, and to determine the best possible solution for your industry needs, you can fill out a Quotation Form. Our team are on hand ready to help you!

Source Material

Aalco. (2022). Literature Files. Retrieved from Aalco: https://www.aalco.co.uk/literature/files/aalco-aluminium.pdf

Anderson, M. (2021, November 3). What are the different grades of steel? Retrieved from Mead Metals, Inc.: https://www.meadmetals.com/blog/steel-grades

Anne Marie Helmenstine, P. (2020, January 30). What Is Brass? Composition and Properties. Retrieved from Thought Co.: https://www.thoughtco.com/brass-composition-and-properties-603729

ASM International. (n.d.). Corrosion of Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys. Retrieved from ASM International: https://www.asminternational.org/documents/10192/3456792/06787G_Sample.pdf/c4151917-99fc-46e8-a310-d5578d0af160

Azo Materials. (2005, May 18). Grade 304 Stainless Steel: Properties, Fabricaiton and Applications. Retrieved from Azo Materials: https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=2867

Azo Materials. (2013, August 7). Monel 400 Alloy (UNS N04400). Retrieved from Azo Materials: https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=9338

Baker, T. (2022, February 12). Uses for Mild Steel. Retrieved from Baker Steel Trading Ltd: https://www.bakersteeltrading.co.uk/what-can-mild-steel-be-used-for/

Bell, T. (2020, March 10). The Properties and Composition of Monel 400. Retrieved from Thought Co.: https://www.thoughtco.com/monel-400-properties-and-composition-2340256

BigRentz, Inc. (2021, February 1). 4 Types of Steel: What Makes Them Different? Retrieved from Big Rentz: https://www.bigrentz.com/blog/types-of-steel

Bohn, R. (2012, September 27). What’s the difference between 304 and 316 stainless steel? Retrieved from Nema Enclosures: https://www.nemaenclosures.com/blog/304-and-316-stainless-steel/

Britannica. (2016, January 20). Copper. Retrieved from Britannica: https://www.britannica.com/science/copper/Principal-compounds

Britannica. (2016, January 20). Titanium. Retrieved from Britannica: https://www.britannica.com/science/titanium

Cavallo, C. (2019, November 11). All About 304 Steel (Properties, Strength, and Uses). Retrieved from Thomas: https://www.thomasnet.com/articles/metals-metal-products/all-about-304-steel-properties-strength-and-uses/

Chemistry Learner. (2018, November 28). Monel. Retrieved from Chemistry Learner: https://www.chemistrylearner.com/monel.html

Dey, A. K. (2021, April 9). What is Monel? Properties, Applications, Grades, Advantages of Monel (With PDF). Retrieved from What is Piping: https://whatispiping.com/monel-material/

Geise, S. (2021, August 9). Know the Differences Between 304 Stainless Steel vs 316. Retrieved from Kloceckner Metals: https://www.kloecknermetals.com/blog/304-stainless-steel-vs-316/

Harris, A. (2017, July 28). The Pros and Cons of 304 vs 316 Stainless Steel. Retrieved from Arthur Harris & Co: https://arthurharris.com/news/304-vs-316-stainless-steel/

Industrial Quick Search. (2021, June 23). Titanium Metal. Retrieved from Industrial Quick Search: https://www.iqsdirectory.com/articles/titanium/titanium-metal.html

Langley Alloys. (2020, May 20). Properties of Inconel 625. Retrieved from Langley Alloys: https://www.langleyalloys.com/2020/05/20/properties-inconel-625/

Lenntech. (n.d.). Monel. Retrieved from Lenntech: https://www.lenntech.com/monel.htm

Materials Science Engineering . (n.d.). Hastelloy C-276 (Composition, Propertis, and Applications). Retrieved from MSE Student: https://msestudent.com/hastelloy-c-276-composition-properties-and-applications/

Matmatch. (2019, May 23). Inconel 625: Properties, Applications and Production. Retrieved from Matmatch: https://matmatch.com/learn/material/inconel-625

Metal Supermarkets. (2020, August 20). Difference Between Stainless Steel and Galvanised Steel. Retrieved from Metal Supermarkets: https://www.metalsupermarkets.co.uk/difference-between-stainless-steel-galvanised-steel/

Morecambe Metals. (2018, November 15). Metals and Their Properties: Brass. Retrieved from Morecambe Metals: https://www.morecambemetals.co.uk/metals-and-their-properties-brass/

Morecambe Metals. (2018, May 23). Metals and Their Properties: Copper. Retrieved from Morecambe Metals: https://www.morecambemetals.co.uk/what-are-the-properties-of-copper/

MSE Student. (2021, June 19). Haselloy C-276 (Composition, Properties, and Applicaitons). Retrieved from MSE Student: https://msestudent.com/hastelloy-c-276-composition-properties-and-applications/

National Material Company. (2019, October 11). Galvanized Steel: Types, Uses, Benefits. Retrieved from National Material: https://www.nationalmaterial.com/galvanized-steel-types-uses-benefits/

Royal Society of Chemistry. (2009, October 24). Aluminium. Retrieved from RSC: Periodic Table: https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/13/aluminium

Royal Society of Chemistry. (2009, October 23). Copper. Retrieved from RSC: Periodic Table: https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/29/copper

Royal Society of Chemistry. (2009, December 24). Titanium. Retrieved from RSC: Periodic Table: https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/22/titanium

Sachin. (2021, June 25). Everything You Need to Know About Carbon Steels & Steel Alloys. Retrieved from Grob Inc: https://www.grobinc.com/blog/carbon-steels-steel-alloys-guide/

Science Direct. (2018, February 21). Galvanized Steel. Retrieved from Science Direct: https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/materials-science/galvanized-steel

Science Direct. (2020). Carbon Steel. Retrieved from Science Direct: https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/carbon-steel

Special Metals Company. (n.d.). Inconel Alloy 625. Retrieved from Special Metals Compay: https://www.specialmetals.com/documents/technical-bulletins/inconel/inconel-alloy-625.pdf

Steel Wire Products. (2020, February 27). Is 316 Stainless Steel Worth the Extra Cost over 304? Retrieved from Marlin Wire: https://www.marlinwire.com/blog/is-316-stainless-steel-worth-the-extra-cost-over-304

Velling, A. (2020, January 24). Mild Steel – All You Need to Know. Retrieved from Factory: https://fractory.com/what-is-mild-steel/

Wasatch Steel. (2017, November 14). Basics and Common Uses of Mild Steel. Retrieved from Wasatch Steel: https://www.wasatchsteel.com/basics-common-uses-mild-steel/

Weerg. (2021, July 13). Aluminium: Properties and Advantages. Retrieved from Weerg.: https://www.weerg.com/en/global/blog/aluminum-properties-and-advantages-of-aluminum

Weinhandl, D. (2021, July 20). Common Uses For Brass. Retrieved from Mead Metals, Inc.: https://www.meadmetals.com/blog/common-uses-for-brass

Related Articles